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 Portsmouth, NH   
NH cities/towns
Community Contact Portsmouth Economic Development Commission
Sean Clancy, Assistant City Manager for Economic Development
1 Junkins Avenue
  Portsmouth, NH 03801
Telephone (603) 610-7220
Fax Not Available
Web Site
Municipal Office Hours City Manager, City Clerk, Tax Collector: Monday, 8-6, Tuesday to Thursday, 8-4:30, Friday, 8-1
County Rockingham County
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA, NH portion
Tourism Region Seacoast Region
Planning Commission Rockingham Planning Commission
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.
Election Districts
US Congress District 1 (All Wards)
Executive Council District 3
State Senate District 21 (All Wards)
State Representative Rockingham County Districts 21 (Ward 1), 22 (Ward 5), 26 (Ward 3), 27 (Ward 4), 28 (Ward 2), 37 (Wards 1, 5), 39 (Wards 2-4)
Incorporated: 1631
Origin: This territory was a part of the original land grant to John Mason and Francisco Gorges in 1622. A township grant was issued by the council of Plymouth (MA) in 1631 which covered what is now Portsmouth and the harbor, Greenland, Rye, New Castle, and Newington. First called Piscataqua, the settlement became known as Strawberry Banke because of the wild strawberries that were found there. The name Portsmouth was adopted in 1653 to honor John Mason, Captain of the Port in Portsmouth, England, and because it was a good harbor situated at the river's mouth. Already an important center of trade and shipping, Portsmouth became capitol of the province of New Hampshire in 1679, and was incorporated as a city in 1849.
Villages and Place Names: Atlantic Heights, Christian Shore, Creek Area, Elwyn Park, Meadowbrook, Pannaway Manor, Portsmouth Plains, Haymarket Square, Sagamore Hill, Strawbery Banke, the Woodlands
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 4720 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Portsmouth was a negative 3,775 over 50 years, from 25.717 in 1970 down to 21,942 in 2020. The largest decennial percent change was a 21 percent decrease from 1990 to 2000. The city's population increased by six percent from 2010 to 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Portsmouth was 22,713 residents, which ranked 13th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area: 2022 (US Census Bureau): 1,448.50 persons per square mile of land area. Portsmouth contains 15.7 square miles of land area and 1.1 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government City Manager & Council
Budget:Municipal Appropriations,2021-2022 $137,283,375
Budget:School Appropriations,2021-2022 $60,577,961
Zoning Ordinance 1927/05
Master Plan 2025
Capital Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Department
Boards and Commissions
    Elected: City Council; School; Police; Fire
    Appointed: Please visit, for a list of boards & committees to which citizens may be elected or appointed
Public Library Portsmouth Athenaeum; Portsmouth Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Full & part-time
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth Local   173

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier Portsmouth Water Department
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
    Curbside Trash Pickup Municipal
    Pay-As-You-Throw Program No
    Recycling Program Mandatory
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service: Business Yes
High Speed Internet Service: Resident Yes

Property Taxes (NH Dept. of Revenue Administration)
2022 Total Tax Rate $15.2
2022 Equalization Ratio 70.6
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1000 of value) $10.65
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Valuation by Property Type
    Residential Land and Buildings 57.8%
    Commercial Land and Buildings 39.3%
    Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other 2.9%

Housing (ACS 2018-2022)
Total Housing Units 11,184
Single-Family Units,Detached or Attached 5,429
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:
    Two to Four Units in Structure 1,954
    Five or More Units in Structure 3,541
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 260

Population(1-Year Estimates/Decennial) (US Census Bureau)
Total Population Community County
   2022 22,713   319,633
   2020 21,942   314,176
   2010 21,223   295,223
   2000 20,840   277,359
   1990 26,252   245,845
   1980 26,254   190,345

Demographics American Community Survey (ACS 2018-2022)
Population by Gender
Male   10,744 Female   11,394
Population by Age Group
      Under Age 5 903
      Age 5 to 19 2,744
      Age 20 to 34 5,089
      Age 35 to 54 5,698
      Age 55 to 64 3,225
      Age 65 and over 4,479
            Median Age 42.1 years

Educational Attainment, population age 25 or older 17,091
      High school graduation or higher 97.2%
      Bachelor's degree or higher 63.1%
Income, Inflation Adjusted $   (ACS 2018-2022)
Per Capita Income $67,924
Median Family Income $135,696
Median Household Income $100,169
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
      Male $86,150
      Female $70,460
Individuals below poverty level 6.0%
Labor Force   (NHES - ELMI)

Annual Average 2012 2022
    Civilian Labor Force 13,224   13,824
    Employed 12,631   13,575
    Unemploymed 593   249
    Unemployment rate 4.5%   1.8%

Employment & Wages   (NHES-ELMI)
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Good-Producing Industries  
    Average Employment  2,300  3,409
    Average Weekly Wage  $1,400  $1,724
Service-Providing Industries  
    Average Employment  25,151  27,641
    Average Weekly Wage  $1,046  $1,685
Total Private  
    Average Employment  27,452  31,050
    Average Weekly Wage  $1,075  $1,690
Government(Federal, State, Local)  
    Average Employment  1,822  2,218
    Average Weekly Wage  $935  $0
Total, Private Industry plus Government  
    Average Employment  29,274  33,269
    Average Weekly Wage  $1,067  $1,670
If "n" appears, data do not meet disclosure standards.

Education and Child Care
Schools Students Attend: Portsmouth operates grades K-12 District: SAU 52
Career Technology Center: Portsmouth Career Technical Center #19
Educational Facilities(includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 4 1 1 2
Grade Levels P K 1-5 6-8 9-12 P K 1-8
Total Enrollment 951 499 1,031 260
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest College or Universities: University of NH

2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (DHHS-Bureau of Child Care Licensing)   Total Facilities:     13   Capacity:     1,203

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
HCA Portsmouth Regional Hospital Health care services 1000 1987
Liberty Mutual Insurance Insurance services 1100 1969
High Liner Foods Seafood production 366
Portsmouth Consular Center, US Dept of State Passport, visa services 1390
Bottomline Technologies Finance software 701
WIN Waste Waste Services 402
Lonza Biologies Biopharma 1298
City of Portsmouth Municipal services 891
Amadeus Hospitality/Event software 383
Service Credit Union Banking services 404
Employer Information Supplied by Municipality
Transportation (distance estimated from city/town hall)
Road Access US Routes: 1, 4
State Routes: 1A, 1B, 16, 33, 1 Bypass
Nearest Interstate/Exit: I-95, Exits 3 - 7
Distance: Local access
Railroad Guilford Rail Service
Public Transportation COAST; Wildcat Transit
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
    Pease International Runway  11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
    Lighted?  Yes Navigation Aids?  Yes
Nearest Airport With Scheduled Service
    Manchester-Boston Regional Distance   48 miles
    Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to select cities:
    Manchester, New Hampshire 46 miles
    Portland, Maine 52 miles
    Boston, Massachusetts 57 miles
    New York City, New York 268 miles
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada 302 miles
Commuting To Work (ACS 2018-2022)
Workers 16 years of age and over
  Drove alone, car/truck/van: 69.9%
  Carpooled, car/truck/van: 4.7%
  Used Public Transportation: 1.5%
  Walked: 4.5%
  Traveled by other means: 1.7%
  Worked at home: 17.8%
Mean Travel Time to Work: 22.9 minutes
Work in community of residence: 71.8%
Commute to other NH community: 14.0%
Commute out-of-state: 14.2%
Recreation, Attractions, Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
X Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
X Bowling Facilities
X Museums
X Cinemas
X Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (ie Scouts and 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreation Areas
X Overnight or Day Camps

Nearest Ski Areas: Gunstock
Other: Outdoor Ice Skating Rink; Strawbery Banke; Harbor & Isles of Shoals Cruises; Historic Homes; Fish Pier; Trolley; Sailing; Kayaking; Music Festival; Shopping; History Tours; Market Square Day; First Night; Seafood, Chili, and NH Film Festivals