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 Jefferson, NH   
NH cities/towns
Community Contact Town of Jefferson
Board of Selectmen
PO Box 81
  Jefferson, NH 03583
Telephone (603) 586-4553
Fax Not Available
Web Site
Municipal Office Hours Town Office: Monday to Friday, 8-3; Town Clerk: Monday, 8-1 and 4-7, Tuesday, 8-11; Tax Collector: third Tuesday each month, 6-8, or by appointment
County Coos County
Labor Market Area Littleton, NH-VT LMA, NH portion
Tourism Region White Mountain Region
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coos Economic Development Corp.
Election Districts
US Congress District 2
Executive Council District 1
State Senate District 1
State Representative Coos County Districts 4, 7
Incorporated: 1796
Origin: This territory was first granted in 1765 as Dartmouth, after William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth and patron of Dartmouth College. The location was so deep in unexplored territory that few took up their claims, and a regrant was issued to several influential men from about the state. Those who did settle the area included Samuel Hale and Colonel Joseph Whipple of Portsmouth, who cut trails through the forests to build a manor house. Colonel Whipple was a brother of William Whipple, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and an ardent supporter of Thomas Jefferson. At the Colonel's suggestion, the town was incorporated in 1796 as Jefferson, four years prior to Thomas Jefferson's election as President.
Villages and Place Names: Baileys, Highlands, Jefferson Highlands, Riverton, Starr King, Waumbeck Junction, Cherry Mountain, Meadows
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 111 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Jefferson totaled 306 over 50 years, from 714 in 1970 to 1,020 in 2020. The largest decennial percent change was a 20 percent increase from 1980 to 1990. The town's population declined by eight percent from 2010 to 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Jefferson was 1,066 residents, which ranked 184th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area: 2022 (US Census Bureau): 21.3 persons per square mile of land area. Jefferson contains 50.1 square miles of land area and 0.2 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget:Municipal Appropriations,2021 $914,523
Budget:School Appropriations,2021-2022 $1,660,221
Zoning Ordinance 1987/17
Master Plan 2022
Capital Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
    Elected: Selectmen; Library; Checklist; Town Clerk, Treasurer
    Appointed: Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Tax Collector
Public Library Jefferson Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Part-time
Fire Department Voulnteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Weeks Medical Center, Lancaster 8 miles   25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
    Curbside Trash Pickup Private
    Pay-As-You-Throw Program No
    Recycling Program Mandatory
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Limited
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service: Business Yes
High Speed Internet Service: Resident Yes

Property Taxes (NH Dept. of Revenue Administration)
2022 Total Tax Rate $18.56
2022 Equalization Ratio 81.8
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1000 of value) $15.1
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Valuation by Property Type
    Residential Land and Buildings 85.4%
    Commercial Land and Buildings 8.4%
    Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other 6.2%

Housing (ACS 2018-2022)
Total Housing Units 709
Single-Family Units,Detached or Attached 594
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:
    Two to Four Units in Structure 21
    Five or More Units in Structure 13
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 81

Population(1-Year Estimates/Decennial) (US Census Bureau)
Total Population Community County
   2022 1,066   31,476
   2020 1,020   31,268
   2010 1,105   33,055
   2000 1,008   33,111
   1990 960   34,828
   1980 803   35,147

Demographics American Community Survey (ACS 2018-2022)
Population by Gender
Male   468 Female   517
Population by Age Group
      Under Age 5 31
      Age 5 to 19 122
      Age 20 to 34 91
      Age 35 to 54 168
      Age 55 to 64 237
      Age 65 and over 336
            Median Age 58.5 years

Educational Attainment, population age 25 or older 803
      High school graduation or higher 88.3%
      Bachelor's degree or higher 34.6%
Income, Inflation Adjusted $   (ACS 2018-2022)
Per Capita Income $42,211
Median Family Income $69,514
Median Household Income $63,765
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
      Male $60,909
      Female $48,438
Individuals below poverty level 6.7%
Labor Force   (NHES - ELMI)

Annual Average 2012 2022
    Civilian Labor Force 647   627
    Employed 612   613
    Unemploymed 35   14
    Unemployment rate 5.4%   2.2%

Employment & Wages   (NHES-ELMI)
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Good-Producing Industries  
    Average Employment  39  37
    Average Weekly Wage  $580  $863
Service-Providing Industries  
    Average Employment  383  298
    Average Weekly Wage  $430  $487
Total Private  
    Average Employment  422  335
    Average Weekly Wage  $443  $528
Government(Federal, State, Local)  
    Average Employment  39  35
    Average Weekly Wage  $538  $0
Total, Private Industry plus Government  
    Average Employment  460  370
    Average Weekly Wage  $452  $512
If "n" appears, data do not meet disclosure standards.

Education and Child Care
Schools Students Attend: Grades K-12 are part of White Mountains Regional (Carroll, Dalton, Jefferson, Lancaster, Whitefield) District: SAU 36
Career Technology Center: Hugh J. Gallen Career & Technical Center (Littleton) White Mountains RHS (Whitefield)
Educational Facilities(includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools        
Grade Levels        
Total Enrollment        
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest College or Universities: Plymouth State

2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (DHHS-Bureau of Child Care Licensing)   Total Facilities:     0   Capacity:     0

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Santa's Village Seasonal amusement 200
Ingerson Transportation Trucking 15
Old Corner Store Convenience store, deli 12
Hicks Logging Logging 14 1997
Evergreen Motel Lodging 2 1960
Employer Information Supplied by Municipality
Transportation (distance estimated from city/town hall)
Road Access US Routes: 2
State Routes: 115, 115A, 116
Nearest Interstate/Exit: I-93, Exits 35 - 36
Distance: 21 miles
Railroad Boston & Maine
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
    Mt Washington Reg, Whitefield Runway  4,001 ft. asphalt
    Lighted?  Yes Navigation Aids?  Yes
Nearest Airport With Scheduled Service
    Lebanon Municipal Distance   93 miles
    Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to select cities:
    Manchester, New Hampshire 115 miles
    Portland, Maine 112 miles
    Boston, Massachusetts 165 miles
    New York City, New York 357 miles
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada 176 miles
Commuting To Work (ACS 2018-2022)
Workers 16 years of age and over
  Drove alone, car/truck/van: 80.9%
  Carpooled, car/truck/van: 9.0%
  Used Public Transportation: 0.0%
  Walked: 0.0%
  Traveled by other means: 2.4%
  Worked at home: 7.7%
Mean Travel Time to Work: 28.2 minutes
Work in community of residence: 69.3%
Commute to other NH community: 25.2%
Commute out-of-state: 5.5%
Recreation, Attractions, Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (ie Scouts and 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreation Areas
Overnight or Day Camps

Nearest Ski Areas: Bretton Woods
Other: Pondicherry Sanctuary